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Dette Pascual: Corregidor

Renewal:
Corregidor Island

Story by Dette Pascual


t was my grandson’s first visit to the Philippines. What better way to introduce him to this land, than to plunge him right away into the historic sea of this country’s fight for freedom during World War II?

“The island bastion of Corregidor, with its network of tunnels and formidable array of defensive armament, along with the fortifications across the entrance to Manila Bay, was the remaining obstacle to the 14th Japanese Imperial Army of Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma. The Japanese had to take Corregidor; as long as the island remained in American hands, they would be denied the use of the Manila Bay.“

Thousands of American and Filipino forces made a last desperate stand . The South Pacific Defense of the Philippines took place from Dec. 8 1941, to May 6, 1942. Filipino and American soldiers stood side by side in battle. Dying in the end, their blood mingled and soaked the soil of this island.

The U.S. and Filipino army recaptured the island in 1945.


Corregidor Island is about 48 km. west of Manila and is strategically located at the entrance to Manila Bay.

Now, 70 years later, Corregidor has become a symbol of courage and brotherhood. In the dank, humid air of Malinta Tunnel, the army under the leadership of General Douglas McArthur and later, Gen. Jonathan Wainwright, lived and died gallantly, for freedom. In one of its walls, was engraved the words, “To live in freedom’s light is the right of mankind.”


Malinta Tunnel is 835 feet in length, 24 feet wide and 18 feet tall. It is dug out of solid rock. For a fee of about $3.50, one can go inside and watch a light and sound show that dramatizes the events that happened in the island during World War II.

The ruins of cemented barracks and abandoned cannons are the remaining witnesses of a noble stand. We walked in the cool shade of towering trees. Looking up, we had glimpses of a blue sky. Peace reigned. The grass was green. No more the bare patches of parched earth that must have carried imprints of the boots of fighting men. Nature has been kind. Then we climbed a hill, arriving in a clearing, where there is a view of a serene sea below. The chirping of birds hopping among the branches spoke of life renewed. One time, I felt that someone was watching me, but turning my head quickly, it turned out to be a monkey.

Our perky guide, Maria Stella Cardoba told us that 30% of the island was still unexplored. Adventurers are discouraged from exploring due to the risk of live bombs. As late as 2004, a live bomb was found in a building while security men were casing the place for the visit of former President Gloria Arroyo. Someone in the bus asked if there were any buried treasures around. “There could be,“ Stella replied. “For a time after the war, fishermen and farmers would find gold coins in the grounds. I have kept one myself.” In a passing thought, I wondered if the monkey I saw knew of buried treasures. Perhaps its ancestors witnessed that last frantic, heart breaking days.

Moving on, located in the middle of a park is the statue of two soldiers one an American, the other a Filipino. They lean on each other as they limp on. At the foot of the statue is an inscription:

“In these hallowed surroundings where heroes sleep
May their ashes scatter with the wind
and live in the hearts of those who were left behind.
They died for freedom’s right, and in heaven’s sight
Theirs was a noble cause.”
[Brothers in Arms]

Another major tourist attraction is the Pacific War Memorial chapel. A unique feature is a white dome with a skylight where the sun’s rays hit the main altar every May 6. The date is significant because of May 6, 1942, the date of the fall of Corregidor. Stella, our guide, said that the architect Leandro Locsin who designed the chapel, spent a whole day of May 6 during construction, to find the exact spot for the altar. He studied the movement of the sun as it crossed the sky and chose the spot where the sun hit at high noon. The view of the sea seen from the elevated chapel was breathtaking. A poignant plaque leading to the sea says it all:

“Rest my sons, your duty is done for freedom’s light has come.
Sleep in the silent depths of the sea or in your bed of hallowed sod
until you hear at dawn the low clear reville of God.”


Daily ferry services are available for travel to the island. The dock is near the Coconut Palace, just after the Folk Arts Theater, at the Cultural Center Complex in Roxas Boulevard, Pasay City.

Now, as I write, I look at the sea. I love its constancy. The ebb and flow of the tides is a measure of the passing of time; yet at the same time it promises that tomorrow will come again and again. I like to think that for those we left behind in Corregidor, the sea is a friend and a guardian. Not only loving memories are cherished there. What I experienced was life renewed,--- just as the tides of the ocean makes new everyday the face of this shoreline.


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Let Dette know what you think about her traveling adventure.

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Feedback for"Dia delos Muertos"

It sure captures the essence of this well loved tradition, "Todos Los Santos"/"Dia de los Muertos" celebrated with the ambiance, flavor and hoopla making it more fun in the Philippines than elsewhere in the world.
--- Pacita Almario (South Bay, Paranaque, Philippines)

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This is a very interesting, informative and entertaining article, Dette. I think the Philippines is the only country that celebrates it this way. This is one tradition worth keeping especially for us who have loved ones interred in cemeteries there.
--- Aida D'Orazio (Toronto, Canada)

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Feedback for"Bleeding Hearts"

You threw everything on this one; juicy items/ chismis (gossip) about controversial politicians in the running, and role of tears to draw public sympathy/ attention and hopefully votes.... 'Only in the Philippines!"
--- Chita Almario, (written from Tokyo)

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Hmmmm. ... "ang ganda, nakakaiyak!" (Beautiful! It made me cry!") Well done, Dette. It's so Filipino. We wallow in sad stories and tales of misfortune, and the voyeur in us love the teleserya of real life, specially of celebs and people in the spot light."
--- Blanche Gallardo (Alabang, Metro Manila)

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"Oh, when will this attitude (culture) change?"
--- Lydia Castillo ( Cavite, Philippines)

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"Dette. what about tears of joy? Have we forgotten our values as responsible Filipinos? Count me in for the anti-dynasty faction. I hope that we have more on our side. Great article. Happy spring!"
--- Mel Odilao (Washington, D.C.)

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"Congrats on your interesting columns which never fail to arouse interest. That's a new angle on tears from politicians. To be sure, this makes a good story. Crocodile tears go well with a politician's strategy. Keep the columns going!"
--- Evelyn Peplow (Quezon City. Philippines)


You captured the flavour and the various nuances of the major fiesta in Iligan City, that of St. Michael. I like how you managed to adroitly weave in vignettes of your family life --- customs and practices to make the readers aware that once upon a time, life was beautiful. Your description of the early morning prayers and songs dedicated to the birthday celebrant of the day, reminds me of the Mananita of the Manila cursillo days in the 60's and 70's. In fact, I remember when I was in Iligan for the first time, to join your family in celebrating your Mom's 96th (?) birthday, we were roused from sleep by the strums of guitar which accompanied the mananita song of the group of farm hands/tenants greeting your Mom a rousing Happy birthday. Thanks for sharing lovely bits and pieces of your life.

--- Chita Almario, Alabang, Metro Manila, Philippines


I enjoyed your reminiscences of fiestas in your childhood and youth, and family traditions, particularly that of lavishing the birthday celebrant with the love and attention of the whole family for that one special day, starting with the mananita. The pictures added impact to your article. I always marvel at how cities and towns in the Philippines can come up with lavish costumes during their fiestas. Think of the money, time and effort spent in preparing these street dancing, parades, etc.

--- Evelyn Peplo, Quezon City, Philippines


For "Traditions, Traditions, Traditions!" -

One of my college choirs is singing a very rarely sung Anglican anthem for our Festival of Lessons and Carols is this December: Fanfare for Michaelmas Day--the account from Scripture of Michael defeating the dragon. What a coincidence.

The beauty of these traditions was that faith and living were indeed one. One informed the other. However, things became different when the church and the state became separated entities. I think that there is so much to be learned from both situations so that they need not be opposed to each other, but are truly two sides of the same coin, with the emphasis on "same coin" rather than "two sides."

--- Joel Navarro, Doctor of Music Arts in Conducting
Associate Professor
Calvin College Music Department
Grand Rapids, MI

Dear Joel,

How interesting that you are involved with a song about St. Michael. Thanks for sharing. You say it is an Anglican anthem. I wonder how it sounds? It interests me because part of the fiesta tradition here is the staging of the fight of the good angels vs. the bad... all done in song like an operetta. I think the songs have been handed down from Spanish times, althogh translated in Visaya [a Philippine dialect]. I am curious how the Anglican music and the Spanish would compare.

In the Iligan version, the opening song of Michael the archangel with his warrior angels is majestic with a regular marching cadence , while the entrance of Lucifer and the devils is lively. Their beat is merry, with the devils cavorting and singing. This would bring screams of frightened delight from the kids in the audience. If this were a broadway play, the devils with their red costumes, horns and tails, would be a "show-stopper". Thus, the way of the world , eh? But of course, the angels have their glorious victory in the finale. And the angels all handsome, with white wings that glittered, march down the street in a clash of cymbals and drums. I think the color and contrast of this ancient music would amuse you.

--- Dette

For "Few Mountains Left to Climb" (Manny Pacquiao) -

I saw the Pacquiao fight and without a doubt, Manny is the greatest fighter of this generation and one of the world's greatest sportsmen. Everyone will continue to ask if he can go out on top by fighting Mayweather before he retires.

--- Richard, Miami FL

For Camiguin Island, Philippines. -

I love the White Island on Camiguin Island. Reminds me of the time when I was at the Heymann Islands off the coast of Australia and the Great Barrier Reef....wow, I love those low tides. .I'm also interested in old pre-war style houses. I'm thinking of a place like that when I retire . I will get there sooner than you think.

--- Mel Odilao, Washington D.C.

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You made me feel nostalgic ....I was there with my daughter three years ago. It was unforgettable; I still fantasize about going back again, hopefully sooner than much later.

Congratulations , your articles on very appealing format. Thanks to whoever did the digital features of high-tech.

Keep it up for everybody's pleasure.

--- Rita Adkins, Maryland.

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Nakakaingit! (Wish I were there!) This is beautifully done. Photos, map, nicely situated in the article. Congratulations. The lay-outting is so professional.

--- Precious Javier, Los Angeles , CA.

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Thanks for sharing the beautiful scenery of Camiguin Island. I will put that on my list of places to see.

--- Anita Sodusta, Ventura County, CA.

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Thank you for this lovely account. Left my mouth watering for the lanzones and me pining for the chance to go there. Forwarded the article immediately to a couple who like us spend winter months in the Philippines. We had been discussing a trip to Camiguin when we go in January. But perhaps we should do that during lanzones season, October to November right?

Would you permit me to forward your article to a friend who might want to publish it in our local Philippine newspaper? I wish to entice Filipinos in U.S. to explore the rest of the Philippines, rather just stop in Manila.

--- Eduarda Macaranas, Washington, D.C.

Anytime of the year is a good time to visit. In fact, off-seasons, hotel accommodations may be cheaper. Aside from lanzones, Camiguin has other sweet fruits to offer like mangoes and tropical bananas that tastes so good when cooked in coconut milk and panocha. (brown sugar, freshly made from sugar cane juice.) They are available year round. Publishing to your local newspaper is a great idea.

--- Dette

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Sounds like Camiguin Island is a paradise to behold. But I was struck by the awesomeness of the narration; beautifully written and emotionally laden. Terrific impromtu haikus too. Thanks for sharing this.

--- Pete Recinto, Virginia

Thanks for joining our Elago bash. Dette, I do love your article for Traveling Boy. You captured the spirit of our togetherness in your article. How could we ever forget this blessing! Here’s my own haiku contribution to that adventure: “ White Island beckons/ Dazzling in the horizon/ Captivating hearts.”

May I use some historical tidbits on Camiguin which you cited in your article? I can use this for my own account of the Elago reunion.

Besos y abrazos,

--- Aida D'Orazio, Toronto, Canada

Of course, feel free to use the article. Since it is now the property of “Traveling Boy”, just be sure to acknowledge this. Thank you once more. The pleasure of joining your family reunion was ours.

--- Dette

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How beautiful and heartwarming is your column, Dette, like a poet voicing her sentiments. It is well written and researched. That part about the little boys was especially touching. Tigidig tigidig echoes in my mind and heart. Bless those boys. May their angels always keep them safe. May they love and serve the Lord.

Our Mindanao sojourn will remain in our memory for years to come. Thanks to you and Aida and Chita, everything came together.

--- Evelyn Peplow, Quezon City, Philippines

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Thanks for writing such a beautiful article. I felt envious for not being there with you, nostalgic for a place I have not been to , and wishing I could write haiku as easily as you all did .

--- Tina Aragon, Maryland

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This is probably one of my favorite pieces that you've written so far. You write so well...the whole "tigidig tigidig" thing interwoven throughout--very nice touch!

--- Pia Hugo, Los Angeles, CA

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Thank you for this poignant and lively travelogue. To write so regularly, have an active lifestyle, enjoy friends, and travel with such adventure is good modeling behavior for all of us in the middle years. We are a blessed humanity to know that God's green earth is always full of magnificent surprises. We are at wonder at every turn, and the people we meet on the road are virtual mirrors that reflect his image.

--- Joel Navarro, Grand Rapids, MI

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I'd like you to know that your captivating article on Camiguin for Traveling Boy is more than a travelogue as you portrayed the charm, the essence and the mystique of the island born of fire. I loved the way you ended it, on a poignant note: the refrain of tigidig by the little diver boys which left us misty-eyed as the ferry pulled away from the pier; this segued on to the tale from Polynesia about leave-takings. This is exactly how I felt when we said our good byes.

--- Chita Almario: Alabang, Metro Manila, Philippines

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I thoroughly enjoyed the vicarious pleasure of reading about your Camiguin adventures and the pictures, not to mention the haikus. You even gave us a historical perspective .

--- Blanche Gallardo, Alabang, Metro Manila

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Your words were so picturesque and your details included lots of local color. It made me want to visit Camiguin. love it,

--- Hannah Suderland, Monrovia, California

For The Cherry Blossoms of Washington D.C. -

Hi ...I was surfing the net looking for leads to Blanche Gallardo and found your interesting piece on the Cherry Blossoms of Wash. DC. It seems that the original idea for flowering trees in the capital came from Mrs. Taft herself... who reportedly missed the sight of the annual blossom display of similar trees when her husband was stationed in Manila as governor general. My scholarship is in Manila's urban history and the only possible strand of showy trees then would have been either the wonderful acacias (samanea saman) on what eventually became Taft Ave. or the fire trees (delonix regia) on P. Burgos leading from the old Plaza Lawton to Luneta and the Manila Hotel - this was the route that Mrs. Taft would have taken for late afternoon paseos at the Luneta.

Cheers,

--- Paulo Alcazaren , Manila, Philippines

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Your article was an appeal to my senses. How romantic! After I've read your article, I remember the beautiful cherry blossoms in the movies Memoirs of a Geisha and of course The Last Samurai.

--- Elsie, Iligan City, Philippines

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What a feast for the senses indeed! Wish you could do the same thing about autumn in Canada.

--- Aida, Toronto, ON

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Yep. Pollyanna you might be but I couldn't agree with you more about "How so much more harmonious this world could be if nations exchanged plants instead of bullets." I say amen to this!

--- Blanche Gallardo, Manila, Philippines

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Words give life to pictures. You do it so well! Thanks.

--- Tina, Hagerstown, MD

Dear Dette,

I enjoyed reading your articles, especially the philosophical musings.

--- Dading, Washington D.C.

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Dear Dette,

Your articles make me feel good about life. I enjoy reading them and look forward for more.

--- Arabella, Maryland

For Dolphins Ahoy! -

Dear Dette,

Thanks for your fascinating article about the dolphins. You raise a thought-provoking question about how they got to drift to that unusual part of the Pacific Ocean. Certainly raises serious questions about environmental factors that may be the cause. I just read last night some stats -- one claiming that human consumption and lifestyle impact the ecological environment resulting presently in the demise of other living forms about 1000 more times than the recorded average. That's a pretty astounding estimate !! In my RP [Republic of the Philippines] visit in 2000, I went to Mindoro and observed -- to one's dismay -- that non-biogradable items such as the common plastic containers and the like that we use and generally throw away anywhere, not to mention real toxic industrial and medical waste, end up in the shore of that beautiful seaside barrio of about 400 families, ruining not only the view but the life of several sea-based creatures, including whatever edible fish and seafood that the barrio thrives by. Obviously, the small population could not have consumed that vast amount of plastic, etc. It turned out, I was to learn, that the waste comes from tthe garbage dumps of urban parts as far as heavily populated Manila, as well as the garbage dumped by passenger vessels that ply the inter-island routes --- with, obviously, no regulatory disposal systems.

--- Rita, Virginia


Stay tuned.


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